A hiccup or hiccough (generally pronounced "HICK-cup" ( IPA : ['h?.k?p] ) independent of the spelling) is an involuntary spasm of the diaphragm ; typically this repeats several times a minute. As the muscle contracts repeatedly, the opening between your vocal cords snaps shut to check the inflow of air and makes the hiccup sound. Surprisingly, ultrasound scans reveal that babies in the womb start hiccuping after two months, before any breathing movements appear. Irritation of the nerves that extend from the neck to the chest can cause hiccups. Perhaps the most common trigger is swallowing air, usually from eating too fast, chewing gum, or drinking carbonated beverages. Hiccups are more common in the evening and may continue for a few waking hours. Hiccups occur most frequently during the first half of the menstrual cycle, especially in the few days before menstruation, and decrease markedly during pregnancy. These messages travel along the phrenic nerve. When this occurs, it triggers a reflex in the throat muscles. Less than a tenth of a second afterward, the trachea is closed off, making the characteristic "hic" sound. Hiccups may be caused by pressure to the phrenic nerve by other anatomical structures, or rarely by tumors and certain kidney disease. Some suggested hypotheses include hiccups as a possible muscle exercise for the child's respiratory system prior to birth or as a preventive measure to keep amniotic fluid from entering the lungs
Hiccups , or hiccoughs as some people call them, is a mystery ailment with no known purpose. While many cases develop spontaneously, hiccups are known to develop often in specific situations, such as eating too quickly, taking a cold drink while eating a hot meal, eating very hot or spicy food, laughing vigorously or coughing, drinking an excess of an alcoholic beverage , or electrolyte imbalance. But there is one group of animals in which the peculiar combination of the contraction of these muscles and the closure of the glottis does serve a clear purpose: primitive air breathers that still possess gills, such as lungfish, gar and many amphibians This spasm causes an intake of breath that is suddenly stopped by the closure of the vocal cords (glottis). Hiccups are more common in the evening and may continue for a few waking hours. It is still unclear to scientists exactly why hiccups occur, particularly because it doesn't seem to give us any specific benefit. Some speculation exists that hiccups are a remnant of a bodily function that has been phased out by evolution, such as the move from aquatic gilled creatures to land animals Perhaps the most common trigger is swallowing air, usually from eating too fast, chewing gum, or drinking carbonated beverages. Some people hiccup in response to alcohol or spicy foods and drinks
Causes of Hiccups
The commom causes of Hiccups :-
Symptoms of Hiccups
Some are common symptoms of Hiccups :-
Treatment of Hiccups
Hiccups can be treated using various home made remedies.
1. Drink a glass of water as slowly as possible. Add a pinch of baking soda for a better effect.
2. Get a spoonful or sachet of sugar. Hold your head back and drop the sugar in, so that it hits the pallet at the back of your mouth into you throat. This home remedy really works for hiccups.
3. Suck 2-3 small pieces of fresh ginger. This helps with reoccuring hiccups.
4. Drink hot coffee and hold your breath to get rid of Hiccups.
One method to cure hiccups is to breathe in and out of a paper bag. Another method is to sit upside down and plug your nose. Purely mental cures for Hiccups:
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